Skin disease in rabbits
Rabbits groom themselves by licking, and in the process can swallow hair (particularly if they are shedding hair for some reason). This hair can become impacted into hair balls inside the rabbit and since rabbits are unable to vomit the impacted hair can cause problems such as blockages in the gut. Grooming your rabbit can reduce the amount of hair they swallow and is important to avoid matting of the fur and maintain a healthy shiny coat. It also helps to build a relationship with your pet and most rabbits enjoy being groomed. Regular grooming is a good way to tame your rabbit, making him more friendly and easier to handle.
When you have established grooming as a regular routine it is in an excellent way to check your pet for any skin or coat complaints. Rabbits can become infested with mites and fleas. Mites are usually introduced via bedding and are visible in the fur around the neck and face and particularly the ear tips. There may be excessive scratching, fur loss or damage. If you are concerned about your pet having parasites, seek advice from your vet.
One area your rabbit might have a problem keeping clean is its rear end (under the tail). This area may become soiled and matted and, with long-haired rabbits, might need to be trimmed. A soiled coat is very dangerous for a rabbit. In the summer, flies will be attracted to a dirty, smelly rabbit. Flies can lay their eggs on the rabbit which, in turn, hatch into maggots and burrow under your rabbit's skin causing infection, pain and even death.